Friday, May 26, 2023

Incense Route - Desert Cities in the Negev - Israel

The four Nabatean towns of Haluza, Mamshit, Avdat and Shivta, along with associated fortresses and agricultural landscapes in the Negev Desert, are spread along routes linking them to the Mediterranean end of the incense and spice route. 
Together they reflect the hugely profitable trade in frankincense and myrrh from south Arabia to the Mediterranean, which flourished from the 3rd century BC until the 2nd century AD. 
With the vestiges of their sophisticated irrigation systems, urban constructions, forts and caravanserai, they bear witness to the way in which the harsh desert was settled for trade and agriculture.


Tuscany is a region in central Italy, bordering Liguria and Emilia-Romagna to the N, Umbria and the Marches to the E, Lazio to the S, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the W. 
The area of the Tuscany region takes up about one thirteenth of the national territory, or 7.6%.

Wednesday, May 24, 2023

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works - Chile

Humberstone and Santa Laura works contain over 200 former saltpeter works where workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia lived in company towns and forged a distinctive communal pampinos culture. 
That culture is manifest in their rich language, creativity, and solidarity, and, above all, in their pioneering struggle for social justice, which had a profound impact on social history. 
Situated in the remote Pampas, one of the driest deserts on Earth, thousands of pampinos lived and worked in this hostile environment for over 60 years, from 1880, to process the largest deposit of saltpeter in the world, producing the fertilizer sodium nitrate that was to transform agricultural lands in North and South America, and in Europe, and produce great wealth for Chile. 
Because of the vulnerability of the structures and the impact of a recent earthquake, the site was also placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger to help mobilize resources for its conservation.

West Sumatra

West Sumatra is a province in Indonesia. 
It is located on the west coast of the island of Sumatra and borders the provinces of North Sumatra to the N, Riau and Jambi to the E and Bengkulu to the SE. 
Just off the coast are the Mentawai Islands. 
The capital of the province is Padang.

Tuesday, May 23, 2023

Yaroslavl - Russia

Situated at the confluence of the Volga and Kotorosl Rivers some 250 km north-east of Moscow, the historic city of Yaroslavl developed into a major commercial centre from the 11th century. 
It is renowned for its numerous 17th-century churches and is an outstanding example of the urban planning reform Empress Catherine the Great ordered for the whole of Russia in 1763. 
While keeping some of its significant historic structures, the town was renovated in the neoclassical style on a radial urban master plan. 
It has also kept elements from the 16th century in the Spassky Monastery, one of the oldest in the Upper Volga region, built on the site of a pagan temple in the late 12th century but reconstructed over time.

Tripura is a state of India. 
The state is located in the northeastern part of the country. 
The capital of Tripura is Agartala. 
The main languages spoken are Bengali and Kokborok. 
Another important language is Meitei.

Monday, May 22, 2023

Berat and Gjirokastra - Albania

Berat and Gjirokastra are inscribed as rare examples of an architectural character typical of the Ottoman period. 
Located in central Albania, Berat bears witness to the coexistence of various religious and cultural communities down the centuries. 
It features a castle, locally known as the Kala, most of which was built in the 13th century, although its origins date back to the 4th century BC. 
The citadel area numbers many Byzantine churches, mainly from the 13th century, as well as several mosques built under the Ottoman era which began in 1417. 

Gjirokastra, in the Drinos river valley in southern Albania, features a series of outstanding two-story houses which were developed in the 17th century. 
The town also retains a bazaar, an 18th-century mosque and two churches of the same period.


Southland is one of the eight regions of Iceland. 
The capital of the region is the city of Selfoss in the municipality of Árborg. 
It is the largest region in the country, about the size of 4/5 of Belgium. 

Saturday, May 20, 2023

Historic Centre of Macao - China

Macao, a lucrative port of strategic importance in the development of international trade, was under Portuguese administration from the mid-16th century until 1999, when it came under Chinese sovereignty. 
With its historic street, residential, religious and public Portuguese and Chinese buildings, the historic centre of Macao provides a unique testimony to the meeting of aesthetic, cultural, architectural and technological influences from East and West. 
The site also contains a fortress and a lighthouse, the oldest in China.
It bears witness to one of the earliest and longest-lasting encounters between China and the West, based on the vibrancy of international trade.

Two color custard

The custard lip is a dessert consisting of a layer of red lemonade syrup with a layer of vanilla custard on top and an equal layer of yogurt on top, served in a tall glass. 
Many variants were devised later.

Friday, May 19, 2023

Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex - Thailand

The Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex spans 230 km between Ta Phraya National Park on the Cambodian border in the east, and Khao Yai National Park in the west. 
The site is home to more than 800 species of fauna, including 112 mammal species (among them two species of gibbon), 392 bird species and 200 reptile and amphibian species. 
It is internationally important for the conservation of globally threatened and endangered mammal, bird and reptile species, among them 19 that are vulnerable, four that are endangered, and one that is critically endangered. 
The area contains substantial and important tropical forest ecosystems, which can provide a viable habitat for the long-term survival of these species.