Saturday, September 23, 2017

Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás (Brazil)

Goiás testifies to the occupation and colonization of the lands of central Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries. 
The urban layout is an example of the organic development of a mining town, adapted to the conditions of the site. 
Although modest, both public and private architecture form a harmonious whole, thanks to the coherent use of local materials and vernacular techniques.

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Friday, September 22, 2017

Statue of Liberty (United States)

Made in Paris by the French sculptor Bartholdi, in collaboration with Gustave Eiffel (who was responsible for the steel framework), this towering monument to liberty was a gift from France on the centenary of American independence. 
Inaugurated in 1886, the sculpture stands at the entrance to New York Harbour and has welcomed millions of immigrants to the United States ever since.

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Thursday, September 21, 2017

Ephesus (Turkey)

Located within what was once the estuary of the River Kaystros, Ephesus comprises successive Hellenistic and Roman settlements founded on new locations, which followed the coastline as it retreated westward. 
Excavations have revealed grand monuments of the Roman Imperial period including the Library of Celsus and the Great Theatre. 
Little remains of the famous Temple of Artemis, one of the “Seven Wonders of the World,” which drew pilgrims from all around the Mediterranean. 
Since the 5th century, the House of the Virgin Mary, a domed cruciform chapel seven kilometres from Ephesus, became a major place of Christian pilgrimage. 
The Ancient City of Ephesus is an outstanding example of a Roman port city, with sea channel and harbour basin.

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Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Old Town of Cáceres (Spain)

The city's history of battles between Moors and Christians is reflected in its architecture, which is a blend of Roman, Islamic, Northern Gothic and Italian Renaissance styles. 
Of the 30 or so towers from the Muslim period, the Torre del Bujaco is the most famous. 

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Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Western Caucasus (Russia)

The Western Caucasus, extending over 275,000 ha of the extreme western end of the Caucasus mountains and located 50 km north-east of the Black Sea, is one of the few large mountain areas of Europe that has not experienced significant human impact. 
Its subalpine and alpine pastures have only been grazed by wild animals, and its extensive tracts of undisturbed mountain forests, extending from the lowlands to the subalpine zone, are unique in Europe. 
The site has a great diversity of ecosystems, with important endemic plants and wildlife, and is the place of origin and reintroduction of the mountain subspecies of the European bison.

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Monday, September 18, 2017

Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture (Portugal)

The 987-ha site on the volcanic island of Pico, the second largest in the Azores archipelago, consists of a remarkable pattern of spaced-out, long linear walls running inland from, and parallel to, the rocky shore. 
The walls were built to protect the thousands of small, contiguous, rectangular plots (currais) from wind and seawater. 
Evidence of this viniculture, whose origins date back to the 15th century, is manifest in the extraordinary assembly of the fields, in houses and early 19th-century manor houses, in wine-cellars, churches and ports. 
The extraordinarily beautiful man-made landscape of the site is the best remaining area of a once much more widespread practice.

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Sunday, September 17, 2017

Wooden Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region (Poland)

Situated in the eastern fringe of Central Europe, the transnational property numbers a selection of sixteen tserkvas (churches). 
They were built of horizontal wooden logs between the 16th and 19th centuries by communities of Orthodox and Greek Catholic faiths. 
The tserkvas bear testimony to a distinct building tradition rooted in Orthodox ecclesiastic design interwoven with elements of local tradition, and symbolic references to their communities’ cosmogony.  
The tserkvas are built on a tri-partite plan surmounted by open quadrilateral or octagonal domes and cupolas. 
Integral to tserkvas are iconostasis screens, interior polychrome decorations, and other historic furnishings. 
Important elements of some tserkvas include wooden bell towers, churchyards, gatehouses and graveyards.

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Thursday, September 14, 2017

Kauri trees (New Zealand)

Agathis australis, commonly known by its Māori name kauri, is a coniferous tree of Araucariaceae in the genus Agathis, found north of 38°S in the northern districts of New Zealand's North Island.

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Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine (Japan)

The Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine in the south-west of Honshu Island is a cluster of mountains, rising to 600 m and interspersed by deep river valleys featuring the archaeological remains of large-scale mines, smelting and refining sites and mining settlements worked between the 16th and 20th centuries. 
The site also features routes used to transport silver ore to the coast, and port towns from where it was shipped to Korea and China. 
The mines contributed substantially to the overall economic development of Japan and south-east Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries, prompting the mass production of silver and gold in Japan. 
The mining area is now heavily wooded. 
Included in the site are fortresses, shrines, parts of Kaidô transport routes to the coast, and three port towns, Tomogaura, Okidomari and Yunotsu, from where the ore was shipped.

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Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Historic Centre of Siena (Italy)

Siena is the embodiment of a medieval city. 
Its inhabitants pursued their rivalry with Florence right into the area of urban planning. 
Throughout the centuries, they preserved their city's Gothic appearance, acquired between the 12th and 15th centuries. 
During this period the work of Duccio, the Lorenzetti brothers and Simone Martini was to influence the course of Italian and, more broadly, European art. 
The whole city of Siena, built around the Piazza del Campo, was devised as a work of art that blends into the surrounding landscape.

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