Thursday, August 17, 2017

Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu (China)

The temple, cemetery and family mansion of Confucius, the great philosopher, politician and educator of the 6th–5th centuries B.C., are located at Qufu, in Shandong Province. 
Built to commemorate him in 478 B.C., the temple has been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries; today it comprises more than 100 buildings. 
The cemetery contains Confucius' tomb and the remains of more than 100,000 of his descendants. 
The small house of the Kong family developed into a gigantic aristocratic residence, of which 152 buildings remain. 
The Qufu complex of monuments has retained its outstanding artistic and historic character due to the devotion of successive Chinese emperors over more than 2,000 years.

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Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Miguasha National Park (Canada)

The palaeontological site of Miguasha National Park, in south-eastern Quebec on the southern coast of the Gaspé peninsula, is considered to be the world's most outstanding illustration of the Devonian Period known as the 'Age of Fishes'. 
Dating from 370 million years ago, the Upper Devonian Escuminac Formation represented here contains five of the six fossil fish groups associated with this period. 
Its significance stems from the discovery there of the highest number and best-preserved fossil specimens of the lobe-finned fishes that gave rise to the first four-legged, air-breathing terrestrial vertebrates – the tetrapods.

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Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves (Brazil)

Peaks of the Southern Atlantic submarine ridge form the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago and Rocas Atoll off the coast of Brazil. 
They represent a large proportion of the island surface of the South Atlantic and their rich waters are extremely important for the breeding and feeding of tuna, shark, turtle and marine mammals. 
The islands are home to the largest concentration of tropical seabirds in the Western Atlantic. 
Baia de Golfinhos has an exceptional population of resident dolphin and at low tide the Rocas Atoll provides a spectacular seascape of lagoons and tidal pools teeming with fish.

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Monday, August 14, 2017

Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens (Melbourne - Australia)

The Royal Exhibition Building and its surrounding Carlton Gardens were designed for the great international exhibitions of 1880 and 1888 in Melbourne. 
The building and grounds were designed by Joseph Reed. 
The building is constructed of brick and timber, steel and slate. 
It combines elements from the Byzantine, Romanesque, Lombardic and Italian Renaissance styles. 
The property is typical of the international exhibition movement which saw over 50 exhibitions staged between 1851 and 1915 in venues including Paris, New York, Vienna, Calcutta, Kingston (Jamaica) and Santiago (Chile). 
All shared a common theme and aims: to chart material and moral progress through displays of industry from all nations.

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Sunday, August 13, 2017

Great Smoky Mountains (United States)

Stretching over more than 200,000 ha, this exceptionally beautiful park is home to more than 3,500 plant species, including almost as many trees (130 natural species) as in all of Europe. 
Many endangered animal species are also found there, including what is probably the greatest variety of salamanders in the world. 
Since the park is relatively untouched, it gives an idea of temperate flora before the influence of humankind.

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Saturday, August 12, 2017

Pergamon (Turkey)

This site rises high above the Bakirçay Plain in Turkey’s Aegean region. 
The acropolis of Pergamon was the capital of the Hellenistic Attalid dynasty, a major centre of learning in the ancient world. 
Monumental temples, theatres, stoa or porticoes, gymnasium, altar and library were set into the sloping terrain surrounded by an extensive city wall. 
The rock-cut Kybele Sanctuary lies to the north-west on another hill visually linked to the acropolis. 
Later the city became capital of the Roman province of Asia known for its Asclepieion healing centre. 
The acropolis crowns a landscape containing burial mounds and remains of the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires in and around the modern town of Bergama on the lower slopes.

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Friday, August 11, 2017

La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, Watchmaking Town Planning (Switzerland)

The site of La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle watchmaking town-planning consists of two towns situated close to one another in a remote environment in the Swiss Jura mountains, on land ill-suited to farming. 
Their planning and buildings reflect watchmakers’ need of rational organization. 
Planned in the early 19th century, after extensive fires, the towns owed their existence to this single industry. 
Their layout along an open-ended scheme of parallel strips on which residential housing and workshops are intermingled reflects the needs of the local watchmaking culture that dates to the 17th century and is still alive today. 
The site presents outstanding examples of mono-industrial manufacturing-towns which are well preserved and still active. 
The urban planning of both towns has accommodated the transition from the artisanal production of a cottage industry to the more concentrated factory production of the late 19th and 20th centuries. 
The town of La Chaux-de-Fonds was described by Karl Marx as a “huge factory-town” in Das Kapital where he analyzed the division of labour in the watchmaking industry of the Jura.

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